Dental implants offers a safe and a permanent replacement option for missing teeth. It offers a better alternative to other replacement techniques such as bridges and dentures. If you have one or more missing teeth and as long as you have good dental hygiene, you may be an eligible candidate for the dental implant procedure.

Dental implants became a great option for tooth replace after Prof. Per-Ingvar Branemark discovered that living bone can fuse with titanium oxide, a process known as osseointegration, to form an inseparable bond. Basically, a dental implant is a small titanium cylinder that is implanted into the jawbone where the missing tooth was. The titanium implant serves as the root of the tooth. Once it fuses to the bone, it offers a permanent anchor for a false tooth that looks, feels, and functions exactly like your natural teeth.

Dental implant

Dental implant

The dental implant procedure involves multiple sessions and can take months to complete. In spite of the time taken and the fact that it highly involves your jawbone and gums, the procedure is generally considered very safe. Dental implants are broadly divided into two types: endosteal and subperiosteal.

Endosteal Dental Implants

The most common type of dental implant is the endosteal implants. This type is popular among patients with no prohibitive conditions or any other special circumstances. If your overall health is good and you don’t have any complications or factors that may affect your oral health, your periodontist may recommend you endosteal implants.

They are generally shaped like cylinders, screws or blades that are surgically installed into the jawbone. The implantation process makes up the first phase of your treatment. Once the implant is in place, it will be left alone for at least three to six months. During this time, the osseointegration process occurs and the titanium implant integrates with your jawbone, thereby providing a permanent foundation for the artificial tooth.

If the appearance of the missing tooth bothers you, or if you have trouble speaking or chewing, your periodontist may suggest using a temporary bridges or dentures to cover up the implant during the initial stage.

During the second or final phase of the procedure, a prosthetic tooth is attached to the titanium fixture. Based on your need, an endosteal implant can hold multiple artificial teeth.

Subperiosteal Dental Implants

A subperiosteal implants is an ideal alternative to endosteal implants. It is ideal for patients who are not otherwise eligible candidates for traditional dentures. This type of implant is ideal for patients with weaker jawbones, or with shallow jawbone that cannot support an endosteal implant.

In this procedure, instead of inserting the titanium frame into the jawbone, the implant is fitted over it. The implant takes place just below the gum tissue. As the gums heal, osseointegration takes place which fuses the metal frame with bone. The metal post attached to the frame juts out of the gum. This is where the artificial tooth is mounted. The integrated frame serves as the anchor in the same manner as endosteal implants do.

Subperiosteal implants, like endosteal implants, generally requires a two-phase process that takes place over several months. The first phase involves placement of the implant while the second phase involves the mounting of the artificial tooth.

However, an alternative method is in place for both types of implants, ensuring less time taken in the procedure. Recent developments have enable periodontist to install dental implants in one whole piece. However, this depends on your oral health, the number of teeth to be replaced or the location of the teeth. To determine the best replacement option for you, visit the best dentist Greenpoint.